High blood pressure, otherwise known as hypertension, affects more than one in four adults in the UK. However, according to the NHS, many of these people don’t know they have it, as the condition doesn’t normally cause symptoms. However, when blood pressure is severely high, this is known as malignant hypertension, and it can cause a range of symptoms. One symptom of malignant hypertension is nosebleeds.
Nosebleeds that need medical attention can come from deeper inside the nose and usually affect adults
Malignant hypertension is also known as a hypertensive crisis and is regarded as a medical emergency. It happens when blood pressure spikes suddenly and extremely.
Nosebleeds are usually not a sign of anything serious and are very common, especially in children. But they are also a symptom of malignant hypertension.
“Nosebleeds that need medical attention can come from deeper inside the nose and usually affect adults,” said the NHS.
“They can be caused by an injury or broken nose, high blood pressure, conditions that affect the blood vessels or how the blood clots and certain medicines, like warfarin.”
The NHS advises going to A&E if your nosebleed lasts longer than 10 to 15 minutes, or if the bleeding seems excessive.
Also go to A&E if your nosebleed is accompanied by a feeling of weakness or dizziness, or if you’re having difficulty breathing.
In addition, nosebleeds resulting from a blow to a head require medical attention. Although this won’t be related to blood pressure, it could signal a serious injury.
Other symptoms of malignant hypertension include severe headaches, vision problems and chest pain. If you experience these suddenly, get medical help as soon as you can.
It’s possible to prevent malignant hypertension from occurring by checking your blood pressure and keeping it under control if it is high.
It develops rapidly and is often a result of high blood pressure not being controlled properly.
Medical conditions caused by high blood pressure
There are several life threatening medical conditions and diseases caused by high blood pressure.Often they do not have any symptoms so it is a good idea to regularly check your blood pressure and keep it under control.
Diseases caused by high blood pressure
According to the NHS, normal blood pressure is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg.
High blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher. Malignant hypertension is considered to be 180/120mmHg or higher.
It’s vital to know if you have high blood pressure or not, as it can lead to serious health problems like heart attacks and strokes.
You can get your blood pressure checked at your GP surgery and in some pharmacies.
It’s also possible to buy a blood pressure monitor for home use, while some workplaces offer blood pressure checking services.
The NHS advises all adults over the age of 40 get their blood pressure checked at least every five years. “Getting this done is easy and could save your life,” it said.
High blood pressure: Four ways to lower blood pressure
High blood pressure puts extra stress on blood vessels and vital organs. It increases the risk of some life-threatening heart conditions, including heart attacks and strokes.
Hypertension can often be prevented, and blood pressure reduced, by making some diet or lifestyle changes.
Cutting back on the amount of salt in your diet is a great way to lower blood pressure.
Salt raises blood pressure, and the more you eat, the higher your blood pressure is likely to be.
Aim to eat less than 6g of salt a day – the equivalent to about a teaspoonful.
Blood pressure could be raised if you regularly drink too much alcohol.
Those most likely to have hypertension are people that regularly exceed the week recommended limits.
All adults are advised to drink less than 14 units of alcohol in a single week.
If you’re overweight, the heart has to work harder to pump blood around the body, which raises blood pressure.
Losing just a few pounds could make a big difference to your blood pressure and overall health.
Staying active is one of the best ways to lower your blood pressure.
It helps you to lose weight, while also keeping the heart and blood vessels in good condition.
All adults should aim to do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity every week.
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